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            河南專升本網

            河南專升本公共英語押題

            編輯:小豫老師  來源:河南專升本  | 2020-05-26
            河南專升本 發布時間:2020-05-26

            一、單選題密押部分:

               1. I was advised to arrange for insurance ________ I needed medical treatment.

              A. nevertheless   B. although   C. in case   D. so that

              2. Our new house is very ________ for me as I can get to the office in five minutes.

              A. adaptable   B. comfortable   C. convenient   D. available

              3. Our journey was slow because the train stopped ________ at different villages.

              A. unceasingly   B. gradually   C. continuously   D. continually

              4. I‘m very sorry to have ________ you with so many questions on such an occasion.

              A). interfered   B. offended   C. impressed   D. bothered

              5. The price of beer ________ from 50 cents to $4 per liter during the summer season.

              A. altered   B. ranged   C. separated   D. differed

              6. Our son doesn‘t know what to ________ at the university; he can’t make up his mind about his future.

              A. take in   B. take up   C. take over   D. take after

              7. Although they plant trees in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still ________.

              A. blank   B. hollow   C. vacant   D. bare

              8. Being a pop star can be quite a hard life, with a lot of traveling ________ heavy schedules.

              A. with regard to   B. as to    C. in relation to   D. owing to

              9. Tony is very disappointed ________ the results of the exam.

              A. with   B. for   C. toward    D. on

              10. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, ________ defended the right of every citizen to freedom of choice in religion.

              A. peculiarly   B. indifferently   C. vigorously   D. inevitably

              11. When people become unemployed, it is ________ which is often worse than lack of wages.

              A. laziness   B. poverty   C. idleness   D. inability

              12. ________ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others.

              A. Dislike   B. Unlike   C. Alike   D. Liking

              13. ________ you are leaving tomorrow, we can eat dinner together tonight.

              A. For   B. Since   C. Before   D. While

              14. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up wonderful ________ in the market.

              A. batteries   B. bargains   C. baskets    D. barrels

              15. In previous times, then fresh meat was in short ________, pigeons were kept by many households as a source of food.

              A. store   B. provision   C. reserve    D. supply

              16. After the guests left, she spent half an hour ________ the sitting-room.

              A. ordering   B. arranging   C. tidying up   D. clearing away

              17. I was ________ the point of telephoning him when his letter arrived.

              A. to   B. on   C. at   D. in

              18. A lorry ________ Jane‘s cat and sped away.

              A. ran over   B. ran into   C . ran through   D. ran down

              19. Those gifts of rare books that were given to us were deeply ________.

              A. appreciated   B. approved   C. appealed   D. applied

              20. Niagara Falls is a great tourist ________, drawing millions of visitors every year.

              A. attention   B. attraction   C. appointment   D. arrangement

              21. The hopes, goals, fears and desires ________ widely between men and women, between the rich and the

              poor.

              A . alter   B. shift   C. transfer    D. vary

              22. Some diseases are ________ by certain water animals.

              A. transplanted   B. transformed   C. transported   D. transmitted

              23. It is our ________ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means.

              A. consistent   B. continuous   C. considerate   D. continual

              24. Between 1974 and 1997, the number of overseas visitors expanded ________27%.

              A. by   B. for    C. to    D. in

              25. Although many people view conflict as bad, conflict is sometimes useful ________ it forces people to test the relative merits of their attitudes and behaviors.

              A. by which   B. to which   C. in that    D. so that

              26. He is ________ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year.

              A. optimistic   B. optional    C. outstanding    D. obvious

              27. The director was critical ________ the way we were doing the work.

              A.  at     B.  in     C. of    D. with

              28. In a sudden ________ of anger, the man tore up everything within reach.

              A. attack     B. burst     C. split    D. blast

              29. In Britain people ________ four million tons of potatoes every year.

              A. swallow    B. dispose     C. consume     D. exhaust

              30. I‘d ________ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan.

              A. take into account     B. account for    C. make up for     D. make out

            31.         he was seriously iii, I wouldn’t have told him the truth.

              A. If I knew    B. If I know   C. Had I known   D. Did I know 

              32. She got to know the young man very well        she had worked for so long.

              A). to whom    B. in whom     C. whom     D. with whom

              33. The car         by the side of the road and the driver tried to repair it.

              A. breaks down     B. was breaking down     C. has broken down   D. broke down

              34. When he went out, he would wear sunglasses         nobody would recognize him.

              A. so that    B. now that     C. as though   D. in case

              35. We were all excited at the news         our manual sales had more than doubled.

              A. which      B. that     C. it   D. what

            36. Some people think about their fights         than they do about their responsibilities.

              A. so much     B. too much     C. much more     D. much too 

              37. The City of London,           repeatedly in 1940 and 1941, lost many of its famous churches.

              A. bombed    B. to bomb    C. bombing   D. having bombed

              38.          traveling expenses rising a lot, Mrs. White had to change all her plans for the tour.

              A. Since    B. As for     C. By   D. With

              39. I felt so embarrassed that I couldn’t do anything but            there when I first met my present boss.

              A. to sit       B. sitting     C. sat   D. sit

              40. With the introduction of the computer, libraries today are quite different from         they were in the past.

              A. that      B. what      C. which   D. those 

            41.-How about the book you are reading ?

              -Good , indeed . It ________many problems we have come across in our study.

              A. says     B. talks      C. covers     D. refers

              42. I'd like to take my picture ________stands a high tower.

              A. where     B. which     C. that     D. there

              43. I'd like to buy a house, modern and comfortable, and __________, in a quiet place.

              A. afar all     B. above all     C. in all     D. for all

              44. -You've got a good result in your research, haven't you?

              -Yes , but much ________ .

              A. remains to do     B. is remains to do     C. remains to be done     D. has remained to do it

              45. -I must be leaving now. It'll be 3 hours' drive to get there.

              -__________.

              A. Good-bye     B. Take care     C. Take it easy     D. What can I do for you

              46. Nobody could have guessed , in those days , the place in history that Martin Luther King, Jr____.

              A. was having     B. was to have     C. had had     D. had

              47. The queen will visit the town in May , ________ she will open the new hospital.

              A. when     B. then     C. while     D. but

              48. I'll come , ________ I don't expect to enjoy myself.

              A. if    B. since     C. as     D. though

              49. You _________in such a hurry just now. Look, there is plenty of time left.

              A. don't have to do it     B. needn't have done it

              C. wouldn't do it         D. mustn't have done it

              50. _____________is one of the five working language at U.N. , which _______ are very proud of.

              A. The Chinese, the Chinese     B. Chinese language, Chinese

              C. Chinese, the Chinese        D. Chinese language, the Chinese

              51. -What's your problem ?

              - I have lost sight of my mum and dad . I saw them ________ in front of me a moment ago.

              A. were walking     B. to have walker     C. walk     D. walking

              52. Children are tired of learning often because they are __________to do more than they can.

              A. expected     B. suggested     C. hoped     D. wished

              53. _________ concerts will be needed if we wanted to collect enough money to start a school.

              A. Some other ten     B. Another ten     C. Other ten    D. Ten others

              54. The door burst open and ________ , shouting with anger.

              A. in rushed the crowd     B. rushed in the crowd

              C. the crowd tin rushed     D. in the crowd rushed

              55. We carved their names on the stone so that younger generations could know what their forefathers ____ for the nation.

              A. did     B. were doing     C. had done     D. have been doing

            56. I would appreciate _____ it a secret.

            A. your keeping       B. you to keep     C .that you keep           D. that you will keep

            57. Mark often attempts to escape _____ whenever he breaks traffic regulations.

            A. having been fined     B. to be fined   C. to have been fined           D. being fined

            58. No matter how frequently _____, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences.

            A. performing      B. performed      C. to be performed         D. being performed

            59. It is recommended that the project _____ until all the preparations have been made.

            A. is not started        B. will not be started    C. not be started      D. is not to be started

            60. I wish I ____ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class.

            A. could have slept       B. slept         C. might have slept    D, have slept

            61. We didn't know his telephone number, otherwise we _____ him.

            A.would have telephoned     B, must have telephone   C. would telephone   d      D. had telephoned

            62. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you _____ advertisements showing happy, balanced families.

            A. are often seeing       B. often see        C. will often see  D. have often seen

            63. While people may refer to television for up-to-minute news, it is unlikely that television _____ the newspaper completely.

            A. replaced       B. have replaced      C. replace       D. will replace

            64. An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 yards, _____ approximately from Marathon to Athen.

            A. distance        B. is the distance       C. the distance   D. the distance is

            65. You will want two trees about ten feet apart, from _____ to suspend your tent.

            A. there          B. them         C. which    D. where

            66. As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had _____ to ask my boss.

            A. many         B. most         C. more     D. much

            67. ____ quite recently, most mothers in Britain did not take paid work outside the home.

            A. Before        B. Until         C. From    D. Since

            68. The survival of civilization as we know it is _____ threat.

            A. within        B. under          C. towards  D. upon

            69. Scientists say it may be five or ten years _____ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.

            A. since       B. before         C. after    D. when

            70. In some countries, _____ is called "equality" does not really mean equal rights for all people.

            A. which         B. what          C. that   D. one

            71. I walked too much yesterday and _____ are still aching now.

            A.  my leg's muscles      B. my muscles of leg       C. my leg muscles   D. my muscles of the leg

            72. Radio, television and press _____ of conveying news and information.

            A. are the most three common means      B. are the most common three means    

            C. are the three most common means     D. are three the most common means

            73. Liquids are like solids _____ they have a definite volume.

            A. in that         B. for that         C. with that   D. at that

            74. When a fire ____ at the National Exhibition in London, at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed.

            A. broke off        B. broke out         C. broke down  D. broke up

            75. The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could _____.

            A. stand up to        B. make up for        C. come up with   D. put up with

            76. Then the speaker _____ the various factors leading to the present economic crisis.

            A. went after        B. went for        C. went into    D. went on

             

            77. The students was just about to _____ the questions, when suddenly he found the answer.

            A. arrive at       B. submit to         C. work out   D. give up

            78. When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of _____.

            A. reach         B. hand         C. hold    D. place

            79. The _____ of blood always makes him feel sick.

            A. sight         B. view         C. look    D. form

            80. In Britain, the best season of the year is probably _____ spring.

            A. later         B. last         C. latter   D. late

            81. Free medical treatment in this country covers sickness of mind as well as _____ sickness.

            A. normal       B. regular        C. average    D. ordinary

            82. This hotel _____ $ 60 for a single room with bath.

            A. claims         B. demands         C. prices   D. charges

            83. Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only _____ to his confusion.

            A. extended        B.  amounted        C. added    D.  turned

            84. A completely new situation will _____ when the examination system comes into existence.

            A. arise         B. rise          C. raise    D. arouse

            85. It took him several months to _____ the wild horse.

            A . tend        B. cultivate        C. breed    D. tame

            86.Hearing the gunshot, all the birds flew _____ every direction.

            A. in        B. on       C. to      D. toward 

            87.The factory had to _____ number of employees because of the economic       decline in the country.

            A. lay out    B. lay off    C. lay aside    D. lay down

            88.His parents _____ his money, so he is in trouble now.

            A. cut off   B. cut through   C. gave up   D. brought down

            89.Can you _____ the difference _____ the two phrases?

            A. tell, between   B. speak, from    C. say, of   D.  talk, between

            90.If anyone happens to drop in while I am out, _____ him or her leave  a message.

            A. have      B. get      C. ask     D. tell

            91.There is no doubt _____ you will pass the exam this time. You have   worked so hard in the past months.

            A. whether     B. that      C. if      D. what 

            92.I _____ the boy to save money, but he wouldn’t listen.

            A. hoped     B. suggested    C. wanted   D. made

            93.I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment, _____   of them answered it.

            A. either     B. none    C. neither    D. nobody

            94.No matter _____ he is able to come to the party or not,we will invite him.

            A. when     B. whether     C. how     D. why 

            95.The idea _____ to him in his dream and he decided to carry it out.

            A. happened    B. struck   C. appeared   D. occurred

            96.He would have paid _____ for the house if the salesgirl had insisted       because he really wanted it.

            A. twice as much  B. much as twice C. as much twice D. twice much as 

            97.They decided to chase the cow away _____ it did more damage.

            A. unless    B. until    C. before    D. although

            98.We wanted a new table for dinner, so my father bought _____ from a   furniture store yesterday.

            A. itself     B. one     C. himself    D. another

            99.A library with five thousand books _____ to the nation as a gift.

            A. is offered   B. has offered   C. are offered   D. have offered

            100._____ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.

            A. Which     B. When     C. What     D. As

            101.It is no_____ talking to him, because he will never change his mind.

            A. help      B. use      C. time     D. way 

            102.The way I thought of _____ the animal was of great value.

            A. protecting   B. protect     C. being protected   D. to protect 

            103.In another year or so, you _____ all about it.

               A. forget  B. would forget  C. have forgotten  D. will have forgotten  

            104.No one here believes the reason _____ he gave for his lateness.

               A. that    B. why    C. for which    D. what 

            105.The novel I bought last week is worth ____ ,I think.

               A. reading   B. being read   C. to read   D. to be read

            106.After the fire, _____ would otherwise be a cultural center is now    reduced to a pile of ashes.

               A. that      B. it      C. which     D. what   

            107.Did you notice the little boy _____ away?

            A.    took the candy and run     B.    taking the candy and run 

            C.    take the candy and run     D.    who taking the candy and running

            108._____ gives people more knowledge of the society than literature. 

               A. Anything   B. Nothing   C. Something   D. Everything 

            109.If Mary catches _____ her diary, she’ll be angry.

              A. you reading   B. yours reading   C. you read   D. you to read

            110.Don’t worry me now, I will mend that coat _____.

            A. by and by   B. off and on    C. back and forth   D. now and then 

            111.Please join us. We can easily make _____ for one more at this table.

               A. seat     B. place     C. room     D. space  

            112.You may depend on ____ he will not repeat his mistakes. 

               A. it that   B. that   C. him that   D. which  that 

            113.“That latest car must have cost you a pretty penny.” “Oh,no ,_____.”

               A. it didn’t    B. it mustn’t   C. it hasn’t   D. it must haven’t   

            114._____ the first to use nuclear weapons. 

               A. At no time China will be    B. Never China will be 

               C. Will China never be         D. At no time will China be  

            115.Encouragement is sometimes much more _____ than criticism.

               A. effective   B. efficient   C. executive   D. extensive 

            116.Our company’s visitors decided to stay in our city for ____ two days as they wanted to have a look around.

              A. other  B. the other  C. another  D. other’S 

            117.According to the time table, the train for Beijing ____ at 9:10 P.m.from Monday to Friday.

              A. was leaving  B. is leaving  C. leaves  D. has left

            118.The new drug will not be put on the market ____ it has proved safe on humans.

              A .if  B .until  C .since  D .when  

            119.Students are expected to pay the loan back ____ they are earning enough.

              A. so far as  B. now that  C. even if  D. as soon as

            120.Immigrants have to adapt themselves culturally and physically to the new surroundings ____ they have moved.

              A. on which  B. by which  C. into which  D. from which

            121.The proposal ____ at the meeting now is of great importance to our department.

              A. being discussed  B. to be discussing  C. having discussed  D. discussing

            122.It was because of his good performance at the interview ____ he got the job with the big company.

              A. so  B. what  C. that  D. while

            123.It is reasonable for people to pursue a career in fields related ____ their favorite hobbies.

              A. on  B. for  C. at  D. to

            124.There is no evidence ____ he was on the site of the murder.

              A. where  B. that  C. which  D. how

            125.Only when we hurried to the airport____ the flight was cancelled.

              A. we found  B. did we find  C. have we found  D. we have foundSection B

            單選答案:1-5 CCDDB  6-10 BDDAC  11-15 CBBBD  16-20 CBDAB  21-25 DDAAC  26-30 ACBCA     31-35 CDDAB  35-40 BAACB  41-45 CABCB  46-50  BADBC  51-55 DABAC  56-60 ADBCA     61-65 ACDCC  66-70 DBBBB  71-75 CCABB  76-80 CDAAD   81-85 DDCAC   86-90 ABAAA    91-95 BCCBD   96-100 ACBAD   101-105 BDDAA   106-110 DCBAA   111-115CAADA 116-120:CCBBC   121-125:ACDBB

            二、詞性轉換

            練習一:

            1. It was_____ (care)of her to leave her purse lying on the desk.

            答案:careless

            2. The_____ (frighten)child gripped his mother’s hands tightly.

            答案:frightened

            3. It might be possible to convert_____ (explode)energy into heat.

            答案:to exolosive

            4. Tom shouted at his wife,“You_____ (find)fault with me.”

            答案:are finding

            5. Jack has exerted all his_______ (strong)to attain his goal.

            答案:strength

            6. The surface of the earth_______ (cover)by masses of land and larger areas of water.

            答案:is covered

            7. Tom was the only one of the lookers-on who______(be)willing to help.

            答案:was

            8. Unless there’s a storm,we shall set off on our journey tomorrow as_______ (plan).

            答案:planned

            9. The young man was so tired that he fell______ (sleep)the moment his head touched

            the pillow.

            答案:asleep

            10.I would rather he_______ (paint)the wall white next time.

            答案:painted

            練習二

            11. She was taken to hospital because she was suffering from a(n)_____(regular)

            heartbeat.

            答案:irregular

            12. In all _____(serious),if Mike does resign,a lot of others will start leaving too.

            答案:seriousness

            13. The father has adopted a fairly___(tolerate)attitude toward his son’s

            behavior.

            答案:tolerant

            14. Soon after that,labor markets became very tight and money wages rose___(rapid).

            答案:rapidly

            15. It was___(honest)of him to suggest that he actually had a degree from

            Harvard—he was just there for one year.

            答案:dishonest

            16. A good___(write) of fiction always manages to have sympathy for all his

            characters.

            答案:writer

            17. Mike didn’t like to be singled out for special___(treat)at school because of

            his athletic talent.

            答案:treatment

            18. Doctors soon realized that this drug was also___(effect) in relieving the

            symptoms of diabetes.

            答案:effective

            19. She found she was sweating profusely and her breathing had___(quick).

            答案:quickened

            20. The publishing business is no___(differ)from any other business in this

            respect.

            答案:different

            練習三:

            21. The railway station has always been a fascinating place, representing departure as well as ___(arrive). 

            答案:arrival

            22. A climate that is extreme in temperature, whether it be too hot or too cold, is not ___(desire). 

            答案:desirable

            23. Tropical rainforest is a forest of tall trees in a region of year-round___ (warm)and plentiful rainfall.

            答案:warmth

            24. We often hear of people breaking down from ___(work, over), but in nine cases out of ten they are really suffering from worry or anxiety. 

            答案:overwork

            25. The red ___  (juice)strawberries make a nice decoration on top of the cake.

            答案:juice

            26. More and more businessmen have realized that it is important to  ___  (standard)their products in international trade. 

            答案:standardize

            27. The earthquake-stricken area received ___ (time)help from its neighboring provinces. 

            答案:in-time

            28. What is considered moral in one society may be ___ (moral) in another, depending on different social values. 

            答案:immoral

            29. Young people will need to learn to  ___ (shoulder) the responsibility of their own decisions. 

            答案:shoulder

            30. Special guidance and help need to be provided to the___(qualified)members of the staff. 

            答案:unqualified

            練習四:

            31. As Edison grew older, he never lost his______(interesting)in science.

              答案: interest。

               32.The government has to take measures to control the birth rate, because of the large______(popular).

               答案: population。

               33. I am in favor of his proposal that a special committee______(set up)to examine the problem.

               答案: be set up。

               34. A man______(can see)from his attitude towards leisure.

               答案: can be seen。

               35. They have built a factory ______(refine)cane sugar.

               答案: to refine。

               36. The more people who appear in your dreams, the______(happy)you are on awakening.

               答案: happier。

               37. If we feel like it, let us all______(have)a good try.

               答案: have。

               38. Newspapers generally reach an audience only in a ______(limit)area.

               答案: limited。

               39. Nowadays many currencies are______(stable).Therefore, many people prefer to buy gold with their money rather than deposit it in a bank.

               答案: unstable。

               40.It has been proved that male mosquitoes, _______(regard)of the disturbing sound they make, are harmless.

               答案: regardless。

            練習五:

            41. Small shops offer products that range from inexpensive to expensive, __ (depend) on the shop.

            答案: depending

            42. Our training program covers a range of __ (effect) management techniques.

            答案: effective

            43. Large sums of money have to __ (spend) each year on railway construction.

            答案: be spent

            44. He saw a letter lying on the table __ (address) to him.

            答案:addressed

            45. It is highly __ (desire) that the government give the company more financial support.

            答案: desirable

            46. She had an outward __ (appear), but deep down she was really worried.

            答案: appearance

            47. There are a __ (surprise) large number of mistakes in the test paper.

            答案: surprisingly 

            48. Weather __ (permit), the football match will be played on Wednesday.

            答案: permitting

            49. He lay perfectly still and __ (play) dead to escape capture by the enemy.

            答案: played

            50. We are supposed __ (follow) the teachers9 instructions,

            答案: to follow

            練習六

            51.It will be interesting to see what’s going to happen at the next________(elect).

            答案:election

            52.For those involved, the scandal has been a very________(pain)experience.

            答案:painful

            53.________(safe)needs to be improved on the railways in that country.

            答案:safety

            54.The present crisis bears some ________(similar) to the oil erisis of the 1970s.

            答案:similarities

            55.His mother becomes disappointed whenever he fails to live up to her________(expect).

            答案:expectation

            56.Being a ____ (high) motivated lauguage learner, he takes every opportunity to improve his English.

            答案:highly

            57.Our most ________(success)product is based on a very simple idea.

            答案:successful

            58.local people are questioning the ________(wise) of spending so much money on the new road.

            答案:wisdom

            59.Don’t worry. This is the ________(desire)weight range for you health.

            答案:desired

            60.This scientist was awarded with several titles for his________(accomplish) in biology.

            答案:accomplishment

             練習七

            61. He pulled off his cap and bowed gently, to my ______ (embarrass)and surprise. 

            答案:embarrassment

            62. The paint came off as the result of _____(expose)to the rain. 

            答案:exposure

            63. He lives in Australia but has British  _____(nation). 

            答案:nationality

            64. She is a very _____ (dependent)girl and always goes out alone. 

            答案:independent

            65. The little boy was _____  (horror)by what he saw.

            答案:honored

            66. His later novels were not interesting because of their  _____ (poor) of imagination. 

            答案:poverty

            67. His _____ (ambitious) to become prime minister is likely to be realized. 

            答案:ambition

            68. The thought of losing the race was _____(bear) to him. 

            答案:unbearable

            69. It is _____ (possibility)to reach the airport in such a heavy traffic. 

            答案:impossible

            70. How nice it is to_____ (breath)  that clear mountain air! 

            答案:breathe

            練習八

            71. It is important that he ____ (be) called back immediately.

            答案:(should)be

            72. It is____ (reason) for parents to pay for their children’s education.

            答案:reasonable

            73. At the meeting a ____ (propose) was put forward by John Smith.

            答案:proposal

            74. As a rule, readers____ (not allow) to take dictionaries out of the reading room.

            答案:are not allowed

            75. It has been a long winter, and we’re ____ (eager) waiting for the coming of spring.

            答案:eagerly

            76. They fully recognized the enormous ____ (strong) and influence of the union. 

            答案:strength

            77. By the end of last year, nearly a million cars ____ (produce) in that auto factory.

            答案:had been produced

            78. ____ (Take) the financial difficulties into consideration, we’d better put off the plan till next year.

            答案:

            79. Dr. Richard, together with his wife and three children, ____ (be) to arrive in Beijing this afternoon.

            答案:Taking

            80. The global average air temperature is believed ____ (rise) in the near future.

            答案:is 35. to rise

            練習九

            81.Nowadays, electronic ____ (pay)is a more convenient way to pay for purchases than cash and checks.

            答案:payment

            82.Most of the high school students who ____(interview) yesterday believed that they should continue with their education.

            答案:were interviewed

            83.According to the survey____(conduct)  recently, 52% of American business people booked their business travel online last year.

            答案:conducted

            84.The ____(grow) of online shopping is producing a fundamental change in consumer behavior.

            答案:growth

            85.The total output of this factory ____(double) since it was put into operation in 2006.

            答案:has doubled

            86.It is the____(responsible)  of the Human Resources Department to employ new staff members.

            答案:responsibility

            87.It was reported that the ____(injure) people were taken to the hospital immediately after the accident.

            答案:injured

            88.The bank refused____(accept) my application for the loan because they weren’t convinced by my business plan.

            答案:to accept

            89.It’S important to realize how ____(quick) his disease can spread over the globe.

            答案:quickly

            90.Of all the marketing plans proposed at the meetin9, this one is believed to be the ____(practical).Part III Reading Comprehension ( 40 minutes) 

            答案:most practical

            三、完形填空

            練習一

              A land free from destruction, plus wealth, natural resources, and labor supply--all these were important  1  in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution.  2   they were not enough. Something  3   was needed to start the industrial process. That "something special" was men-  4   individuals who could invent machines, find new  5   of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society.

            The men who  6   the machines of the Industrial Revolution  7   from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were  8   inventors than scientists. A man who is a  9   scientist is primarily interested in doing his research  10  . He is not necessarily working  11   that his findings can be used.

            An inventor or one interested in applied science is  12  trying to make something that has a concrete  13  . He may try to solve a problem by using the theories  14   science or by experimenting through trial and error. Regardless of his method, he is working to obtain a  15   result: the construction of a harvesting machine, the burning of a light bulb, or one of  16   other objectives.

            Most of the people who  17   the machines of the Industrial Revolution were inventors, not trained scientists. A few were both scientists and inventors. Even those who had  18   or no training in science might not have made their inventions  19   a groundwork had not been laid by scientists years  10  .

            1. A cases   B reasons   C factors   D situations

            2. A But   B And    C Besides    D Even

            3. A else   B near    C extra     D similar

            4. A generating  B effective  C motivation    D creative

            5. A origins   B sources   C bases     D discoveries

            6. A employed  B created   C operated    D controlled

            7. A came   B arrived   C stemmed    D appeared

            8. A less   B better    C more     D worse

            9. A genuine  B practical   C pure     D clever

            10. A happily  B occasionally  C reluctantly    D accurately

            11. A now   B and    C all     D so

            12. A seldom  B sometimes   C usually    D never

            13. A plan   B use    C idea     D means

            14. A of    B with    C to     D as

            15. A single   B sole    C specialized   D specific

            16. A few   B those    C many     D all

            17. A proposed  B developed   C supplied    D offered

            18. A little    B much    C some     D any

            19. A as    B if    C because    D while

            20. A ago   B past   C ahead     D before

            答案: 1--5 CAADB 6—10 BACCD 11—15 DCBAD 16-20 CBABD

            練習二

            A young woman was driving through the _21  countryside. It was dark and raining. Suddenly she saw an old woman _22  the side of the road, _23_ her hand out as if she wanted _24_. “I can’t _25_ her out in this weather,” the woman said to herself, so she stopped the car and opened the door.

            “Do you want a lift?” she asked. The old woman _26 and climbed into  the car. After a _27   , she said to the old woman, “Have you been waiting for a long time?” The old woman shook her head.“__28_,”thought the young woman. She __29_ again. “Bad weather for the time of the year.” She said. The old woman nodded. No matter _30_ the young woman said the hitchhiker(搭便車的人) gave no answer __31_ a nod of the head.

            Then the young woman __32_ the hitchhiker’s hands, which were large   and hairy. Suddenly she __33_ that the hitchhiker was __34_ a man!  She    stopped the car. “I can’t see out of the rear screen,” she said, “Would you mind _35 it for me?” The hitchhiker nodded and opened the door. __36_ the hitchhiker was out of the car, the frightened young woman _37 .

            When she got to the next village she __38_ to a stop. She noticed that the hitchhiker had __39_ his handbag __40 .She picked it up and opened it. She gave a gasp(喘氣); inside the bag was a gun!

            21. A. lovely       B. lonely    C. noisy    D. crowded

            22. A. at           B. beside    C. by      D. near

            23. A. holding      B. to hold    C. to be holding      D. to be held  

            24. A. an aid       B. a taxi      C. a car    D. a lift

            25. A. permit      B. leave      C. allow     D. order

            26. A. answering    B. shook    C. nodded    D. smiles

            27. A. while       B. moment   C. time       D. period

            28. A. Curious     B. Interesting    C. Strange   D. Wonderful

            29. A. told        B. did        C. made       D. tried 

            30. A. when       B. which      C. how       D. what 

            31. A. except for   B. apart from   C. other than   D. more than

            32. A. saw        B. noticed     C. watched    D. observed 

            33. A. recognized   B. realized   C. recovered   D. remembered 

            34. A. practically   B. basically   C. actually    D. probably

            35. A. clear        B. cleared    C. to clear    D. clearing 

            36. A. As long as   B. As far as    C. As soon as    D. As well as 

            37. A. raced off    B. ran away    C. fell down   D. moved on

            38. A. pulled      B. picked       C. pushed   D. paused

            39. A. lift        B. lost       C. laid         D. left 

            40. A. beneath    B. behind   C. backwards    D. afterwards

            答案:21—25 BCADB 26—30 CACDD 31—35 ABBCD 36—40 CAADB

            練習三

            The United States is a confederation of states. Each state has the 41to make laws with regard to the state. 42 , based on public opinion, states can 43 policies regarding education, and they may 44 a state income tax; they also determine the speed 45, housing codes, and the drinking age. 

            In most parts of the United States, you46 be 21 years old to buy alcohol in a liquor store, bar, 47restaurant. In some states you may buy beer in a grocery store. If a store sells alcohol to a minor, the 48of the store is usually 49a large sum of money.50 , many areas have an open-container law,51means that people may not drink alcohol on the street or in a car. Anyone 52 with an open container of alcohol may be arrested. 53 , with all of these laws, the54 of alcohol is a serious55in the United States and Canada. Drinking on college campuses,56 there are many underage drinkers has 57 greatly. In fact, alcohol sales have gone up58 the legal drinking age was 59 from 18 to 21. Some people believe that if there were no legal drinking age, 60 in some other countries, North American youth would drink less. 

            41. A. privilege   B .advantage  C. right  D. tradition 

            42. A. As a result  B. For example  C. In other words  D. In this case 

            43. A .demand  B. disagree  C. discuss  D. determine 

            44. A. collect  B. issue  C. demand  D. implement 

            45. A .limit  B. control  C. rule  D. regulation 

            46. A can  B. shall  C. may  D. must 

            47. A and  B. or  C. also  D. not 

            48. A clerk  B. salesperson  C. owner  D. host 

            49. A fined  B. charged  C. punished  D. suffered 

            50. A In addition  B. In fact  C. In reality  D. In general 

            51. A that  B. this  C. it  D. which 

            52. A exposed  B. suspected  C. caught  D. detected 

            53. A Nevertheless  B. Anyway  C. Moreover  D. Therefore 

            54. A application  B. consumption  C. expenditure  D. usage 

            55. A condition  B. crisis  C. question  D. problem 

            56. A though  B. as  C. where  D. which 

            57. A raised  B. increased  C. peaked  D. climaxed 

            58. A when  B. since  C. before  D. after 

            59. A shifted  B. upgraded  C. uplifted  D. changed 

            60. A same  B. for  C. as  D. similar 

            完型:41—45 CBDAA  46—50 DBCAA  51—55 DCCBD  56—60 CBBCC 

            練習四

            A webcam is a digital camera that sends video images to other computer users. It’s about the61 of a golf ball and typically 62 on top of your computer monitor. Once the webcam is 63 to the USB port of your computer with the necessary software, 64 images of you can be sent to one or more users over the Internet 65 an instant messaging(IM) service.

              A webcam costs about $50. More expensive models come with added 66 , such as better picture resolution. Two leading makers, Logitech and Creative, offer a range of models, 67 software is included. There is no extra Internet 68 to send or receive video images, though you’ll have to 69 for a free instant messaging service. Everyone can see and hear one another in 70 time. Grandparents can see their grandkids more 71 Webcams can work with almost any computer bought in the past five years and can 72 long distance phone bills.

              73 you have broadband, that is, a high-speed cable-modem or DSL connection, images may 74 a long time to download, 75a slide show rather than a movie. While webcams are easy to link to your computer, learning to 76 the software can take time. You have to make. some rearrangement with the configurations.

              77 you have a 56k modem and the people you want to 78 won’t mind seeing live shots instead of perfect video, a webcam is still fun, 79 before you buy, be sure everyone, 80 for the same IM service.

              61.A weight  B size  C volume  D space

              62.A rests  B remains  C stays  D sits

              63.A joined  B attached  C connected  D fastened

              64.A live  B living  C lively  D lovely

              65.A via  B with  C from  D in

              66.A devices  B features  C designs  D attachments

              67.A so  B but  C for  D and

              68.A limit  B charge  C registration  D rate

              69.A check in  B log in  C sign up  D draw up

              70.A true  B actual  C genuine  D real

              71.A recently  B frequently  C realistically  D immediately

              72.A reduce  B reform  C remove  D retain

              73.A Although  B Because  C Unless  D Whereas

              74.A waste  B have  C spend  D take

              75.A resembled  B resembling  C to resemble  D resemble

              76.A use  B write  C download  D fix

              77.A because  B though  C if  D unless

              78.A reach  B touch  C know  D show

              79.A nevertheless  B so  C besides  D but

              80.A register  B pays  C seeks  D asks

                答案:61—65 BDCAA 66—70 DDBBA 71—75 BAADB 76—80 DCADA

            四、翻譯

            一、英譯漢

            1.Nor do I recall clearly the large family of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who gathered next door .

            2.They are very much on their own as soon as they have agreed with the boss on the rate.

            3.In a society of such high moral practice, what need is there for people to be on guard against others?

            4.Unfortunately,they also promote fast food which fits easily into busy lifestyles.

            5.Environments where passive smoking is unavoidable make it difficult to lead a healthy life.

            答案:1 、 對于當時在隔壁聚會的大家庭中的祖父母、姑媽、叔叔和堂兄妹們,我也沒有清晰印象了。

            2 、一旦和老板就計時工資達成協議,結算時能否誠信在很大程度上就靠工人們自己了。

            3 、在道德水準如此之高的社會里,根本沒有必要去提防別人。

            4 、遺憾的是,他們也為快餐業推波助瀾,而快餐正好迎合了人們節奏緊張的生活方式。

            5 、在被動抽煙不可避免的環境中,人們很難過上健康的生活。

            二、漢譯英

            6.如果我是他,我就會盡最大的努力按時完成任務。

            7. 我不記得那個在哪見過他。

            8. 這所大學提供了他所期望的一切。

            9. 我們一得出結論就通知你。

            10. 你們應該充分利用每一個機會說英語。

            答案:6.If I were he, I would try my best to accomplish the task on time.

            7.I can’t remember where I have seen him.

            8.The university has offered everything he expected.

            9.Once we draw a conclusion, we’ll inform you.

            10.We should make use of every opportunity to speak English.

            五、單句改錯

            1.Two woman teachers and four girl students were praised at the

                 A                          B             C           D

               meeting Yesterday.

             

            2.After she got married, Lily went to see her mother each other week.

                 A            B                 C                        D

            3.There will be more than three hundreds students taking part in the   

                        A                    B                   C

               sports meet.

                    D

            4.While shopping, people sometimes can’t help persuading into buying  

                        A                                       B            C 

            something they don’t really need.

                                             D

            5.We are all for your proposal that the discussion is to be put off.

            A       B                 C                        D

            6.Factory workers had to work very hard before, so had farmers.

                                 A             B             C       D

            7.He finds it easier to do the cooking himself than teaching his wife 

                         A                     B                    C             

               to cook.

                  D

            8.There was too much dust that we couldn’t see what was happening.

                 A        B                        C           D

            9.The boy did not have to leave the next day because he got his visa 

                                  A              B                    C           

               extending.

                   D

            10.What does Mr. Johnson like? He’s a friendly sort of man. I like to  

                     A                                 B            C       D

               work with him.

            1.A ---women  2.D---every other week  3.B--- three hundred  4.B---being persuaded 5.D---should be put off  6.D –did famers  7.C---to teach  8.B---so  9.D---extended  10.A---is

            六、閱讀理解

            練習一

              The eight airlines of the One-world alliance ( 聯盟 ) have joined forces to give world travellers a simple way to plan and book a round-the-world journey. It’s called the One-world Explorer program.

              One-world Explorer is the perfect solution for a once-in-a-lifetime holiday or an extended business trip. It’s a great way for you to explore the four comers of the earth in the safe hands of the eight One-world airlines. 

              You can have hundreds of destinations to choose from, because the One-world network covers the globe. And, as you travel around the world, you’ll have the support of 260,000 people from all our airlines, who are devoted to the success of your journey, helping you make smooth transfers and offering support all along the way.

              The One-world goal is to make global travel easier and more rewarding for everyone of our travellers. We try our best to make you feel at home, no matter how far from home your journey may take you.

              We can offer travelers benefits on a scale beyond the reach of our individual-net-works. You’ll find more people and more information to guide you at every stage of your trip, making transfers smoother and global travel less of a challenge. 

              1. One-world in the passage refers to               

              A) a travel agency

              B) a union of airlines

              C) a series of tourist attractions

              D) the title of a flight program

              2. The One-world Explorer program is said to be most suitable for those who               

              A) have been to the four corners of the earth

              B) travel around the world on business

              C) want to explore the eight airlines

              D) need support all along the way

              3. The advantage of the alliance lies in               

              A) its detailed travel information

              B) its unique booking system

              C) its longest business flights

              D) its global service network 

              4. We can learn from the last paragraph that One-world               

              A) offers the lowest prices to its passengers

              B) keeps passengers better informed of its operations

              C) offers better services than any of its member airlines alone

              D) is intended to make round-the-world trips more challenging

              5. The purpose of the advertisement is to               

              A) promote a special flight program

              B) recommend long distance flights

              C) introduce different flights

            D) describe an airlines group

            答案:1-5 DBDBD

             練習二

               The human body has developed its millions of nerves to be highly aware of what goes on both inside and outside of it. This helps us adjust to the outside world. Without our nerves and our brain, which is a system of nerves, we couldn’t know what’s happening. But we pay for our sensitivity. We can feel pain when the slightest thing is wrong with any part of our body. The history of torture ( 折磨 ) is based on the human body being open to pain.

              But there is a way to handle pain. Look at the Indian fakir ( 苦行僧 ) who sits on a bed of nails. Fakirs can put a needle fight through an arm, and feel no pain. This ability that some humans have developed to handle pain should give us ideas about how the mind can deal with pain. 

              The big thing in withstanding pain is our attitude toward it. If the dentist says, "This will hurt a little," it helps us to accept the pain. By staying relaxed, and by treating the pain as an interesting sensation ( 感覺 ), we can handle the pain without falling apart. After all, although pain is an unpleasant sensation, it is still a sensation, and sensations are the stuff of life.

              6. The human body has developed a system of nerves that enables us to            

              A) stay relaxed

              B) avoid pain

              C) stand torture

              D) feel pain

              7. What does the writer mean by saying "we pay for our sensitivity" in the first paragraph?

              A) We have to take care of our sense of pain.

              B) We suffer from our sense of feeling.

              C) We should try hard to resist pain.

              D) We are hurt when we feel pain. 

              8. When the author mentions the Indian fakir, he shows that                

              A) fakirs possess magic power

              B) Indians are not afraid of pain

              C) people can learn to cope with pain

              D) some people are born without a sense of pain

              9. What is essential for people to stand pain according to the writer?

              A) Their relaxation.

              B) Their interest.

              C) Their nerves.

              D) Their attitude.

              10. The author believes that               

              A) feeling pain is part of our life

              B) pain should be avoided at all costs

              C) feeling pain can be an interesting thing

            D) magic power is essential for reducing pain

            答案: 6-10 DBCDA

            練習三

              Researchers have established that when people are mentally engaged, biochemical changes occur in the brain that allow it to act more effectively in cognitive (認知的) areas such as attention and memory. This is true regardless of age.

               People will be alert (警覺的) and receptive (接受能力強的) if they are faced with information that gets them to think about things they are interested in. And someone with a history of doing more rather than less will go into old age more cognitively sound than someone who has not had an active mind.

               Many experts are so convinced of the benefits of challenging the brain that they are putting, the theory to work in their own lives. "The idea is not necessarily to learn to memorize enormous amounts of information." says James Fozard, associate director of the national Institute on Aging. "Most of us don't need that kind of skill. Such specific training is of less interest than being able to maintain mental alertness." Fozard and others say they challenge their brains with different mental skill, both because they enjoy them and because they are sure that their range of activities will help the way their brains work.

               Gene Cohen, acting director of the same institute, suggests that people in their old age should engage in mental and physical activities individually as well as in groups. Cohen says that we are frequently advised to keep physically active as we age, but older people need to keep mentally active as well. Those who do are more likely to maintain their intellectual abilities and to be generally happier and better adjusted. "The point is, you need to do both," Cohen says. "Intellectual activity influences brain-cell health and size." 

            11. People who are cognitively healthy are those _____.

            A) who can remember large amounts of information   

            B) who are highly intelligent 

            C) whose minds are alert and receptive      

            D) who are good at recognizing different sounds

            12. According to Fozard's argument people can make their brains work more efficiently by _____.

            A) constantly doing memory work        

            B) taking part in various mental activities 

            C) going through specific training  

            D) making frequent adjustments

            13. The findings of James and other scientists in their work _____.

            A) remain a theory to be further proved     

            B) have been generally accepted   

            C) have been challenged by many other experts 

            D) are practiced by the researchers themselves

            14. Older people are generally advised to _____.

            A) keep fit by going in for physical activities

            B) keep mentally active by challenging their brains

            C) maintain mental alertness through specific training

            D) maintain a balance between individual and group activities

            15. What is the passage mainly about?

            A) How biochemical changes occur in the human brain.

            B) Why people should keep active not only physically but also mentally.

            C) How intellectual activities influence brain-cell health.

            D) Why people should receive special mental training as they age.

            答案:11—15 CBDAB 

             練習四

            Attention to detail is something everyone can and should do--especially in a tight job market. Bob Crossley, a human-resources expert notices this in the job applications that come across his desk every day. "It's amazing how many candidates eliminate themselves." he says.

            Resume (簡歷) arrive with stains. Some candidates don't bother to spell the company's name correctly. Once I see a mistake, I eliminate the candidate," Crossley concludes. "If they cannot take of these details, why should we trust them with a job?"

            Can we pay too much attention to detail? Absolutely. Perfectionists struggle over little things at the cost of something larger they work toward, "To keep from losing the forest for the trees", says Charles Garfield, associate professor at the University of California, San Francisco, "We must constantly ask ourselves how the details we're working on fit into the larger picture. If they don't, we should drop them and move to something else".

            Garfield compares this process to his work as a computer scientist at NASA. "The Apollo II moon launch was slightly off-course 90 percent of the time." Says Garfield, "But a successful landing was still likely because we knew the exact coordinates of our goal. This allowed us to make adjustments as necessary." Knowing where we want to go helps us judge the importance of every task we undertake.

            Too often we believe what accounts for others' success is some special secret or a lucky break (機遇). But rarely is success so mysterious. Again and again, we see that by doing little things within our grasp well, large rewards follow.

            16. According to the passage, some job applicants were rejected _____.

            (A) because of their carelessness as shown in their failure to present a clean copy of a resume

            (B) because of their inadequate education as shown in their poor spelling in writing a resume

            (C) because they failed to give detailed description of their background in their applications

            (D) because they eliminated their names from the applicants' list themselves

            17. The word "perfectionists" (para. 3, Line) refers to those who _____.

            (A) demand others to get everything absolutely right

            (B) know how to adjust their goals according to the circumstances

            (C) pay too much attention to details only to lose their major objectives

            (D) are capable of achieving perfect results in whatever they do

            18. Which of the following is the author's device to the reader?

            (A) Although too much attention to details may be costly, they should not be overlooked

            (B) Don't forget details when drawing pictures

            (C) Be aware of the importance of a task before undertaking it

            (D) Careless applicants are not to be trusted

            19. The example of the Apollo II moon launch is given to illustrate that _____.

            (A) minor mistakes can be ignored in achieving major objectives

            (B) failure is the mother of success

            (C) adjustments are the key to the successful completion of any work

            (D) keeping one's goal in mind helps in deciding which details can be overlooked

            20. The best title for this passage would be _____.

            (A) Don't Be a Perfectionist      

            (B) Importance of Adjustments   

            (C) Details and Major Objectives 

            (D) Hard Work Plus Good Luck

            答案:16—20 ACADC

            練習五

               Britain almost more than any other country in the world must seriously face the problem of building upwards, that is to say, of accommodating a considerable proportion of its population in high blocks of flats. It is said that the English man objects to this type of existence, but if the case is such, he does in fact differ from the inhabitants of most countries of the world today. In the past our own blocks of flats have been associated with the lower-income groups and they have lacked the obvious provisions, such as central heating, constant hot water supply, electrically operated lifts from top to bottom, and so on, as well as such details, important notwithstanding (然而), as easy facilities for disposal of dust and rubbish and storage places for baby carriages in the ground floor, playgrounds for children on the top of the buildings, and drying grounds for washing. It is likely that the dispute regarding flats versus (對,對抗) individual houses will continue to rage on for a long time as far as Britain is concerned. And it is unfortunate that there should be hot feelings on both sides whenever this subject is raised. Those who oppose the building of flats base their case primarily on the assumption (設想) that everyone prefers an individual home and on the high cost per unit of accommodation. The latter ignores the higher cost of providing full services to a scattered community and the cost in both money and time of the journeys to work for the suburban resident.

            21. We can infer from the passage that _____.

            (A) English people, like most people in other countries, dislike living in flats

            (B) people in most countries of the world today are not opposed to living in flats

            (C) people in Britain are forced to move into high blocks of flats

            (D) modern flats still fail to provide the necessary facilities for living

            22. What is said about blocks of flats built in the past in Britain?

            (A) They were mostly inhabited by people who did not earn much.

            (B) They were usually not large enough to accommodate big families.

            (C) They were sold to people before necessary facilities were installed.

            (D) They provided playgrounds for children on the top of the buildings.

            23. The word "rage" (Line 9) means _____.

            (A) be ignored         

            (B) develop with great force  

            (C) encourage people greatly   

            (D) be in fashion

            24. Some people oppose the building of flats because _____.

            (A) the living expenses for each individual family are higher

            (B) it involves higher cost compared with the building of houses

            (C) they believe people like to live in houses with gardens

            (D) the disposal of rubbish remains a problem for those living in flats

            25. The author mentions that people who live in suburban houses _____.

            (A) do not have access to easy facilities because they live away from the city

            (B) have to pay a lot of money to employ people to do service work

            (C) take longer time to know each other because they are a scattered community

            (D) have to spend more money and time travelling to work every day

            答案:21—25 BABCD 

            聯系六

               Where do pesticides (殺蟲劑) fit into the picture of environmental disease? We have seen that they now pollute soil, water and food, that they have the power to make our streams fishless and our gardens and woodlands silent and birdless. Man, however much he may like to pretend the contrary, is part of nature. Can he escape a pollution that is now so thoroughly distributed throughout our world:

               We know that even single exposures to these chemicals, if the amount is large enough, can cause extremely severe poisoning. But this is not the major problem. The sudden illness or death of farmers, farmworkers, and others exposed to sufficient quantities of pesticides is very sad and should not occur. For the population as a whole, we must be more concerned with the delayed effects of absorbing small amounts of the pesticides that invisibly pollute our world.

               Responsible public health officials have pointed out that the biological effects of chemicals are cumulative (累積) over long periods of time, and that the danger to individual may depend on the sum of the exposures received throughout his lifetime. For these very reasons the danger is easily ignored. It is human nature to shake off what may seem to us a threat of future disaster. "Men are naturally most impressed by diseases which have obvious signs, " says a wise physician, Dr Rene Dubos, "yet some of their worst enemies slowly approach them unnoticed."

            36. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the sentence "Man... is part of nature" (Para. 1, Lines 3-4)?

            (A) Man appears indifferent to what happens in nature.

            (B) Man acts as if he does not belong to nature.

            (C) Man can avoid the effects of environmental pollution.

            (D) Man can escape his responsibilities for environmental effects of pesticides?

            37. What is the author's attitude toward the environmental effects of pesticides?

            (A) Pessimistic          (C) Defensive

            (B) Indifferent        (D) Concerned

            38. In the author's view, the sudden death caused by exposure to large amounts of pesticides _____.

            (A) is not the worst of the negative consequences resulting from the use of pesticides

            (B) now occurs most frequently among all accidental deaths

            (C) has sharply increased so as to become the center of public attention

            (D) is unavoidable because people can't do without pesticides in farming

            39. People tend to ignore the delayed effects of exposure to chemical because _____.

            (A) limited exposure to them does little harm to people's health

            (B) the present is more important for them than the future

            (C) the danger does not become apparent immediately

            (D) humans are capable of withstanding small amounts of poisoning

            40. It can be concluded from Dr. Dubos remarks that _____.

            (A) people find invisible diseases difficult to deal with

            (B) attacks by hidden enemies tend to be fatal

            (C) diseases with obvious signs are easy to cure

            (D) people tend to overlook hidden dangers caused by pesticides

            答案:26—30 BDACD

            練習七

             Looking back on my childhood,I am convinced that naturalists are born and not made. Although we were brought up in the same way, my brothers and sisters soon abandoned their pressed (緊抱的) flowers and insects. Unlike  them, I hand no ear for music and languages, I was not an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic.

              Before World War I we spent our summer holidays in Hungary.I have onlythe dim memory of the house we lived in,of my room and my toys.(76) Nor do I recall clearly the large family of grandparents,aunts,uncles and cousins who gathered next door . But I do have a crystal-clear memory of dogs, the farm animals, the local birds and above all,the insects.

              I am a naturalist,not a scientist.I have a strong love of the natural world,and my enthusiasm has led me into varied investigations. I love dis- cussing my favorite topics and enjoy burning the midnight oil oil, reading about other people’s observations and discoveries. Then something happens that brings these observations together in my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the riddle (謎), because it all seems to fit   together.This has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books,which somemight honor with the title of scientific research.

              But curiosity,a keen eye,a good memory and enjoyment of the animal andplant world do not make a scientist; one of the outstanding and  essential qualities required is self-discipline, a quality I lack. A scientist can bemade.A naturalist is born. If you can combine the two, you get the best of both worlds.          

            31. According to the author,a born naturalist should first of all be____.

            A. full of enthusiasm 

            B. self-disciplined

            C. full of ambition

            D. knowledgeable

            32. The first paragraph tells us that the author _____.

            A. lost his hearing when he was a child

            B. didn’t like his brothers and sisters 

            C. was born to a naturalist’s family 

            D. was interested in flowers and insects in his childhood

            33. The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist      probably because he thinks he _____.

            A. just reads about other people’s observations and discoveries 

            B. comes up with solutions in most natural ways

            C. has a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic

            D. lacks some of the qualities required of scientist 

            34. The author can’t remember his relatives clearly because_____.

            A. he was fully occupied with observing nature

            B. he didn’t live very long with them

            C. the family was extremely large

            D. he was too young when he lived with them

            35. Which of the following statements is true?

            A. The author believes that a born naturalist cannot be a scientist.

            B. The author’s brothers and sisters were good at music and  languages.

            C. The author read a lot of books about the natural world and the oil         industry.

            D. The author spent a lot of time working on riddles.   

            答案:31—35 ADDAB  

            練習八 

            If you have a chance to go to Finland, you will probably be surprised  to find how “foolish” the Finnish people are.

            Take the taxi drivers for example. Taxis in Finland are mostly high- class Benz with a fare of two US dollars a kilometer. You can go anywhere  in one, tell the driver to drop you at any place, say that you have some   business to attend to, and then walk off without paying your fare. The driver would not show the least sign of anxiety.

            The dining rooms in all big hotels not only serve their guests,but alsoserve outside diners. Hotel guests have their meals free, so they naturallygo to the free dining rooms to have their meals. The most they would do to show their good faith is to wave their registration card to the waiter.Withsuch a loose check, you can easily use any old registration card to take a couple of friends to dine free of charge.

            The Finnish workers are paid by the hour.  (77)  They are very much on their own as soon as they have agreed with the boss on the rate. From then on they just say how many hours they have worked and  they will be paid    accordingly.

            With so many loopholes(漏洞) in everyday life, surely Finland must be aheaven to those who love to take“petty advantages”. But the strange thing is, all the taxi passengers would always come back to pay their fare after they have attended to their business; not a single outsider has ever been  found in the free hotel dining rooms. And workers always give an honest    account of the exact hours they put in. As the Finns always act on good    faith in everything they do, living in such a society has turned everyone  into a real “gentleman”. (78) In a society of such high moral practice,  what need is there for people to be on guard against others?

            36. While taking a taxi in Finland, _____.

            A. a passenger can go anywhere without having to pay the driver 

            B. a passenger pays two US dollars for a taxi ride

            C. a passenger can never be turned down by the taxi driver wherever he        wants to go

            D. a passenger needs to provide good faith demonstration before they  leave without paying

            37. We know from the passage that big hotels in Finland_____.

            A. provide meals for only those who live in the hotels

            B. provide meals for any diners

            C. provide free wine and charge for food

            D. are mostly poorly managed

            38. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? 

            A. The workers in Finland are paid by the hour.

            B. The bosses in Finland are too busy to check the working hours of   their employees.

            C. The workers are always honest with their working hours.

            D. The workers and their bosses will make an agreement in advance     about the pay.

            39. The word “those” in the last paragraph probably refers to  _____.

            A. people who often take taxis

            B. people who often have meals in big hotels

            C. people who are dishonest

            D. people who are worthy of trust

            40. It can be concluded that  _____.

            A. Finnish people are not smart enough in daily life 

            B. Finland has been a good place for cheats

            C. the Finnish society is of very high moral level

            D. all the Finns are rich

            答案:36—40 CBBCC  

            練習九

             There are many factors which may have an influence on adults and      children being able to lead a healthy life.

            Nowadays, people are very busy. Often, both parents work outside the  home. Children are expected to take on more responsibility at home to help their parents. They also have sporting  and leisure activities as well as  school expectations. 

            The busyness also adds another factor: the need to use cars to get    from one place to another quickly.

              Today, society places a lot of emphasis on technology. Computers,DVDs,CDs, television, PlayStations and Xboxes have become major leisure activi- ties, rather than traditional more active pursuits. This has led to a more sedentary lifestyle.

              The media provide entertainment and information.(79)Unfortunately,theyalso promote fast food which fits easily into busy lifestyles. It is  much more convenient at times to buy a quick takeaway rather than prepare a meal.The media constantly bombard(轟炸)their audience with‘perfect’body images,the need to buy the most fashionable clothes, the most up-to-date computer games, the best places to visit and the best things to do.

              Environments vary. We may be exposed to pollution, such as cigarette  smoke. This can be harmful to people who suffer from breathing difficulties. (80)Environments where passive smoking is unavoidable make it difficult to lead a healthy life.

               It is important for everyone to be accepted and cared about by familyand friends. Both of these groups can influence people—positively and ne-gatively.Negative feelings can lead people to adopt an unhealthy lifestyle.     Perhaps the most important factor influencing healthy lifestyles is  motivation, or the desire to be healthy.Any person who wants to be healthywill find a way to be healthy —if he/she is motivated enough!

            41. The passage is mainly about _____.

            A. benefits of a healthy lifestyle

            B. demands of daily life 

            C. factors affecting a healthy lifestyle

            D. a positive approach to healthy living 

            42. The word “sedentary” in Paragraph 4 probably means _____. 

            A. having a lot of things to do 

            B. involving little exercise or physical activity

            C. being isolated from the outside world

            D. experiencing a lot of stress

            43. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a factor  leading to the popularity of fast food?

            A. Cheap price.   

            B. The media.   

            C. Busy lifestyle.   

            D. Convenience

            44. Which is NOT listed as a factor influencing the ability to have a   healthy lifestyle?

            A. Pollution.   

            B. Economic factors.

            C. Dependence upon cars.

            D. Influence of family or friends.

            45. According to the author, _____ may be the most important factor     influencing healthy lifestyles.

            A. technology          

            B. cultural background 

            C. environment         

            D. the desire to be healthy

            答案:41—45 CBABD

            練習十

              Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements, numbered 36 to 40.For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D).You should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

              College is a place to explore many possibilities;you really can’t do it all-unless you manage your time wisely.Here are some tips I have found very helpful for managing my time and maximizing my study efforts:

              1.Determine your goals.What do you want to get out of a college education? Academic(學術的) knowledge? Leadership experience within a club? Decide what is most important to you.Then devote proportionate(成比例的) amounts of time to those efforts.

              2.Plan aheaD)You may think you Call keep everything in your head, but as the activities on your schedule start piling up, making a schedule can really help organize even little tasks.

              3.Study at strategic(關鍵的) times.Don’t wait until you’re falling asleep to study.Study first.Save those e—mails to check later, because tasks that don’t require much energy and attention can still be done when you’re tired. 

              4.Motivate(激勵) yourself! You know that TV show you’ve been dying to see, or that game of chess you’ve been waiting all week to challenge your friend to. These and many other special activities can be used for motivation.Promise yourself that you’ll force yourself to work efficiently.(Don’t rush through the assignment, though.) 

              5.Take a nap.Sometimes even a 20-minute nap in the afternoon will give you the extra energy you need to get through the day.

            36.We need to play ahead in order to ________ .

            A)keep a record of all the events 

            B) better organize our activities

            C)store everything in our head 

            D) pile up little tasks neatly

            37.Strategic times are best for us to ________ .

            A)save energy 

            B)check e-mails 

            C)study efficiently 

            D)organize activities

            38.Which of the following could be used as a motivation to do our assignments?

            A)Remembering our urgent tasks. 

            B)Any activities we’re eager to do.

            C)Taking a break in the afternoon. 

            D)The promise to study efficiently.

            39.What can help us to keep refreshed throughout the day?

            A)Doing some physical exercise. 

            B)Taking a short nap in the afternoon.

            C)Rushing through some assignments.

            D)Playing a game of chess with a friend.

            40.Which of the following could be the best title for this article?

            A)Study Habits and Time Management

            B)Business Management and Leadership

            C)University Education and Campus Life 

            D)Life Goals and Academic DevelopmentTask 2

            答案:36-40 BCBBA 

            練習十一  

            Welcome to our small business set-up guide, providing all the information you need to start your business on a healthy, solid basis.

              From choosing the right name for you company and making your first business plan, through to up-to-date taxation(稅務) advice, banking and insurance tips, each subject is discussed in the guide.

              We also look at the vital characteristics you'll need to survive in business.Determination and originality(原創性) are key.Equally, so is the ability to organize your time and to put in the required effort during the early days.

              As with any new business, success can never be guaranteed, but our aim is to reduce the difficulties involved in setting up a business on your own.We’ll forewarn you of the most common problems, including failure to research your market in sufficient detail and not setting aside enough funds for tougher financial times.

              Starting up even the smallest business can be challenging.But take comfort in the fact that you are not alone.In fact, of the four million businesses currently in operation in the UK, more than 99.3% are classified as“small, ”with fewer than 50 employees.

              In order to keep this guide as brief as possible, where we’ve not had enough room to include every detail, you’ll find a link taking you to the most relevant(相關的) articles.

              Good luck with your business idea!

            41. This guide is intended to help people to ____ .

            A)cope with an economic crisis 

            B)start a new small busincess

            C)raise funds for a new firm 

            D)build up public relations

            42. What are most important for a business to survive?

            A)Banking and insurance services. 

            B)Reaearch and business plannin9.

            C)Organization and management. 

            D)Determination and originality.

            43. What does the word“forewarn”(Line 2, ParA)4) mean?

            A)Deal with. 

            B)Argue with.

            C)Advise beforehand. 

            D)Give instructions to.

            44. What kind of businesses are regarded as“small”in the UK?

            A)Those with fewer than 50 employees.

            B)Those with only two or three owners.

            C)Those with a loan of 99.3%in their capital.

            D)Those with an output value less than £4 million.

            45. More information about how to start a small business is available by ____ .

            A)contacting the writer in person 

            B)linking to other relevant articles

            C)reading the advertising brochures 

            D)communicating with other readersTask 3

            答案: 41-45 BDCAB

            練習十二

                A pioneering study by Donald Appleyard made the surprise sudden increase in the volume of traffic through an area affects p a sudden increase in crime does. Appleyard observed this by fir house in San Francisco that looked much alike and had middle-class and working-class residents, with approximately t The difference was that only 2,000 cars a day ran down Octavia in Appleyard’s terminology) while Gough Street (MEDIUM stre cars a day, and Franklin Street (HEAVY street) had around 16,000 cars a day. Franklin Street often had as many cars in an hour as Octavia Street had in a day. Heavy traffic brought with it danger, noise, fumes, and soot, directly, and trash secondarily. That is, the cars didn’t bring in much trash, but when trash accumulated, residents seldom picked it up. The cars, Appleyard determined, reduced the amount of territory residents felt responsible for. Noise was a constant intrusion into their homes. Many Franklin Street residents covered their doors and windows and spent most of their time in the rear of their houses. Most families with children had already left.

            Conditions on Octavia Street were much different. Residents picked up trash. They sat on their front steps and chatted with neighbors. They had three times as many friends and twice as many acquaintances as the people on Franklin. 

            On Gough Street, residents said that the old feeling of community was disappearing as traffic increased. People were becoming more and more preoccupied with their own lives. A number of families had recently moved. And more were considering it. Those who were staying expressed deep regret at the destruction of their community. 

            46. Appleyard’s study focuses on the influence of . 

            [A] traffic volume on the residents 

            [B] rate of crime on the neighborhood 

            [C] social classes on the transportation 

            [D] degree of pollution on the environment 

            47. Appleyard discovered that increase in the volume of traffic . 

            [A] made people more violent 

            [B] would lead to increase in crime 

            [C] was accompanied by increase in crime 

            [D] had the same effect on people as increase in crime 

            48. The author’s main purpose in the second paragraph is to . 

            [A] discuss the problem of handling trash 

            [B] suggest ways to cope with traffic problems 

            [C] point out the disadvantages of heavy traffic 

            [D] propose an alternative system of transprotation 

            49. People on Gough Street . 

            [A] felt sorry that their block had been pulled down 

            [B] felt indifferent about people moving out 

            [C] thought their old community was gone 

            [D] thought mostly of themselves 

            50. What can we learn about Franklin Street? 

            [A] It is not a nice neighborhood for children. 

            [B] People often throw trash out as they drive through. 

            [C] People there have made friends with people on Octavia. 

            [D] People there own twice as many cars as people on Gough Street. 

            答案;46--50ADCCA

            練習十三

                Imagine, if you will, the average games player. What do you see? A guy who never grew up? Or a nervous 18-year-old pushing buttons on his controller, lost and alone in a violent onscreen world? Sorry, you lose. The average gamer is starting to look pretty much like the average person. For the first time, according to a U.S. poll commissioned by AOL Games, roughly half of those surveyed, ages 12 to 55, are tapping away at some kind of electronic game - whether on a PC, a cell phone or another handheld device - for an average of three hours every week. 

            The games people play say a lot about who they are. Machines like the Xbox and PlayStation 2 are largely the territory of twenty-something men, who prefer to picture themselves as sports stars and racing drivers. Men 50 and older prefer military games. Teenage girls are much more likely than boys to play games on their phone, while older women make up the majority of people playing card games such as Hearts on line. 

            Is it a good thing, all this time spent on games? Or is it as harmful as television, pulling people ever further from reality? The AOL survey suggests some players are in denial about the extent of their habit. One in 10 gamers finds it impossible to resist games; 1 in 4 admits to losing a night’s sleep to play games; and another quarter has been too absorbed to have meals. 

            But don’t think we’re all heading into a world with everyone plugged into, if not totally controlled by, his own game. Quite the contrary: gamers appear to be more engaged with reality than other kinds of couch potatoes. According to a comprehensive survey by the Entertainment Software Association (ESA – whose members, of course, want you to think video games are healthy), gamers spend an average of 23 hours a week volunteering and going to church, concerts, museums and other cultural events. More enthusiastic gamers who play 11 hours a week or more spend ever more time out in the cultural world (34 hours). 

            51. The AOL survey finds that electronic games . 

            [A] do not present a violent onscreen world 

            [B] no longer keep gamers from growing up 

            [C] are no longer exclusive to young people 

            [D] are not as popular with teenagers as before 

            52. Who does the author say tend to identify themselves with the characters in the game? 

            [A] Teenage girls. 

            [B] Older women. 

            [C] Men in their 20s. 

            [D] Men 50 and older. 

            53. When asked about the extent of their habit, some players . 

            [A] refused to provide an answer to this question 

            [B] denied they were affected by electronic games 

            [C] wondered why they were asked such a question 

            [D] stressed their interest in playing electronic games 

            54. It can be inferred from the text that . 

            [A] electronic games are less harmful than television 

            [B] television viewers are more realistic than gamers 

            [C] television is more popular than electronic games 

            [D] gamers have less self-control than TV viewers 

            55. According to the writer, the ESA members . 

            [A] have sufficient knowledge of games 

            [B] think their games are healthy products 

            [C] serve as the role models for game players 

            [D] are concerned about gamers’ cultural activities 

            答案:51—55 DCDDB

            練習十四

            The ostrich, the largest bird in the world at present, lives in the drier regions of Africa outside the actual deserts. Because of its very long, powerful legs and the floating effect of its extended wings, it is able to run at great speed over considerable distances. 

                The female ostrich normally produces about twenty eggs every rainy season. When the female ostrich begins to lay her eggs, however, she does not begin in her own nest. Instead she goes off in search of the nests of neighboring females and lays two or three eggs in each of them. By the time she has laid eight or nine eggs, she returns and lays the rest in her own nest. 

                Because of the size of the eggs, the female ostrich cannot lay more than one every two days, so it takes her three weeks to finish laying in her own nest. During that period, she spends a lot of time away from her nest looking for food. And while she is off her nest, other females visit it to lay their eggs amongst hers. By the time she is ready to sit on the eggs to hatch them, there could be up to thirty eggs in her nest, over half of which are not her own. 

                The female ostrich can comfortably cover only about twenty eggs when she is sitting on the nest so before settling down she pushes the surplus ten or so eggs out of the nest. The rejected eggs, however, never include any of her own. Each female is remarkably consistent in the size and shape of the eggs she produces, so it is not difficult for her to distinguish her own from those of strangers. 

                Of all the eggs laid by a colony of ostriches, only a very small number hatch into young birds. There are times when nests are left unprotected, for there are too few males to sit on all the nests at night. Thus there are ample opportunities for their natural enemies to raid the nests and eat the eggs. In fact, nearly 80% of the nests are destroyed. But even if a particular female’s nest suffers this fate, there is a good chance that one or two of her eggs will be hatched in the nest of one of her neighbors. 

            56. We learn from the text that an ostrich can go a long distance at high speed as . 

            [A] it is a special kind of bird 

            [B] it lives in large desert areas 

            [C] it has special wings and legs 

            [D] it is the largest bird in the world 

            57. Normally, in every rainy season, the female ostrich produces about . 

            [A] 12 eggs in her nest 

            [B] 18 eggs in her nest 

            [C] 20 eggs in her nest 

            [D] 30 eggs in her nest 

            58. The female ostrich would push some of the eggs out of her nest because . 

            [A] she can only hatch her own eggs 

            [B] those eggs are unlikely to be hatched 

            [C] those eggs are to be hatched by others 

            [D] she can only hatch a limited number of eggs 

            59. The female ostrich identifies her own eggs by their size and . 

            [A] color 

            [B] number 

            [C] shape 

            [D] weight 

            60. The female ostrich lays her eggs in her neighbors’ nests most probably because . 

            [A] her nest is not big enough 

            [B] she cannot protect all her eggs 

            [C] she cannot tolerate all her eggs 

            [D] her nest is not comfortable enough

            答案:56--60 CCDCA  

            練習十五

              A former town hall worker made legal history last week when she was awarded 67,000 pounds for stress brought on by her work. The ruling made Beverley Lancaster the first person to get their employer to accept legal responsibility for stress-related personal injury in a British court. It is likely to start a flood of other worker’s claims; Mrs. Lancaster’s union already has 7,000 stress-related cases on its books.

              The 44-year-old mother of two started a legal case against Birmingham City Council after falling ill while working as a troubleshooter in a neighborhood housing office. Dealing with rude and abusive members of the public pushed her into periods of gloom and she suffered anxiety, Birmingham county court heard. Mrs. Lancaster joined the council at 16, working her way up from junior clerk to senior draughtswoman. Her problems began when she was promoted to housing officer in Sutton Oldfield. "With no continuity, a constant high workload and little clerical support, I found it difficult to switch from one problem or situation to another," she said. "My concentration swung and I suffered sleepless nights. It made me feel like I was in a hole with no key to open the door. I would break down in tears. I was being in paperwork and at times my mind would just go blank."

              In awarding compensation of 67,491 pounds, assistant recorder Frances Kirkham said she understood the position of troubleshooter was very different from Mrs. Lancaster’s precious job. She rejected claims from the council that Mrs. Lancaster would be able to go back to her former profession, saying she accepted that the possibility of future work would be less capacity. 

              After the hearing Mrs. Lancaster said she was relieved and pleased. She added, "I hope this will act as a warning to employers. Everything I did was right. The council made promises to me and they failed me. I felt isolated, let down, that I was not good enough, not wanted." The payout, the first of its kind to be decided in a county court, covers loss of wages and future loss of earnings.

              A spokesman for Birmingham City Council said action had been taken by the authority to review its staff and management procedures.

             61.Mrs. Beverley Lancaster was awarded 67,000 pounds for ______.

             A. illness caused by her job

             B. her successful and good luck

             C. the courage she showed in court

             D. the amount of work she did

             62.Mrs. Beverley Lancaster took legal action against the city council because ______.

             A. it refused to award her for her job

             B. she had to deal with rude members of the council

             C. it was responsible for her problems

             D. it denied her any clerical support

             63.The Lancaster case shows that employees have the right to get compensation if they ______.

             A. are given work that they are unable to do

             B. suffer mental injury caused by their work

             C. are forced to do work that they don’t like

             D. feel isolated, let down and extremely anxious

             64.It can be inferred that ______.

             A. Mr Lancaster will find a better paid job in the future

             B. the job of draughtswoman is very demanding

             C. the court may hear more stress-related cases

             D. the job of housing officer causes mental injuries

             65.If Birmingham City Gouncil plans to move an employee to a new job, it will definitely make sure that ______.

             A. there is continuity between the two jobs

             B. no complaints from the employee occur

             C. the amount of work is reduced for the new job

             D. the employee is prepared for any mental problems 

            答案:61—65 ACBCA

            練習十六

              Life learning (sometimes called un-schooling or self-directed learning) is one of those concepts that are almost easier to explain by saying what it isn’t, than what it is. And that’s probably because our own schooled backgrounds have convinced us that learning happens only in a dedicated building on certain days, between certain hours, and managed by a specially trained professional.

              Within that schooling framework, no matter how hard teachers try and no matter how good their textbooks, many bright students get bored, many slower students struggle and give up or lose their self-respect, and most of them reach the end of the process unprepared to enter into society. They have memorized a certain body of knowledge long enough to rush back the information on tests, but they haven’t really learnt much, at least of the official curriculum.

              Life learners, on the other hand, know that learning is not difficult, that people learn things quite easily if they’re not compelled and forced, if they see a need to learn something, and if they are trusted and respected enough to learn it on their own timetable, at their own speed, in their own way. They know that learning cannot be produced in us and that we cannot produce it in others—no matter what age and no matter whether we’re at school or at home. 

              Life learning is independent of time, location or the presence of teacher. It does not require mom or dad to teach, or kids to work in workbooks at the kitchen table from 9 to noon from September to June. Life learning is learner-driven. It involves living and learning— in and from the real world. It is about exploring, questioning, experimenting, making messes, taking risks without fear of making mistakes, being laughed at and trying again. 

              Furthermore, life learning is about trusting kids to learn what they need to know and about helping them to learn and grow in their own ways. It is about providing positive experiences that enable children to understand the world and their culture and to interact with it. 

            66.It is implied in the text that it is hard to ______.

            A. carry life learning though

            B. tell the nature of life learning

            C. learn without going to school

            D. find a specially trained teacher

            67.According to the author, the schooling framework often ______.

            A. produces slow students with poor memories

            B. ignores some parts of the official curriculum

            C. fails to provide enough knowledge about life

            D. gives little care to the quality of teaching materials

            68.Life learners recognize that learning will not be difficult if they are ______.

            A. clear about why to learn 

            B. careful to make a time table 

            C. able to respect other people 

            D. cautious about any mistakes

            69.According to the author, life learning ______.

            A. could prevent one from running risks

            B. could be a road full of trials and errors

            C. makes a kid independent of his parents

            D. teaches a kid how to avoid being scorned

            70.Through life learning, children ______.

            A. will grow without the assistance from parents

            B. will learn to communicate with the real world

            C. will be driven to learn necessary life knowledge

            D. will be isolated from the negative side of society 

            答案:66—70 BBABB

            練習十七

              To find Kim Hyung Gyoon’ s office in Samsung’s R&D complex, just follow the baskets of dirt clothes. No, Kim is not running the company laundry. As chief of Samsung’s Washing & Cleaning Technology Group(WCTG), he’s the man behind a new washing machine that deposits tiny silver particles(small pieces of things) —about 1 / 10,000 the thickness of a human hair— onto clothes to make them germ-and-odor-free without the need of hot water. The device represents the first mass-produced application of this tape of nanotechnology — the science of very small structures—to home appliances. "In summer of 2002, I asked everyone in the office to take off their socks," says Kim. "took one sock from each person and placed it in a regular washing machine; the others were washed in a machine with the Ag+ Nano System. The next day, I asked everyone to check the odor of their socks after a day’s wear. One began produce a strong unpleasant smell, and the other was odorless."

              Kim says he came up with the idea five years ago while on a business trip to Japan, where he learned of a brand of socks that retained their freshness even after many days of unwashed wear and tear. Tiny sticks of sliver with germ-killing chemicals were woven into the fabric. When he got back to Seoul, Kim applied the principle to washing machines.

            According to the Korea Testing & Research Industry, Samsung’s device kills 99.9% of germs. Kim says garments stay germ-free for up to a month after being laundered. The Ag+ Nano device went on sale in March 2003 and costs around $1,150; the revolutionary technology is also being used in Samsung’s refrigerators and air conditioners.

            No wonder: consumers seem to a little sliver in their spin cycles. Since Samsung’s nano-armed products were first launched, they have brought in an estimated $779 million in revenue. Overall, nanotech has been one of science’s fastest-growing fields in recent years, with potential applications in fields as diverse as energy production and toothpaste manufacture. The nanotech market is projected to be worth $1 trillion by 2015.

            71.Which of the following best describes the nature of Kim Hyung Gyoon’s work?

            A. Product developmen

            B. Market investigatio

            C. Research designin

            D. Sales promotio

            72.One advantage of nano-armed washing machines is that ______.

            A. one wash-load is much larger than before

            B. the clean-up is done with an additional benefit

            C. cleaning powder is no longer necessary

            D. a lot of water could be saved

            73.In terms of nanotechnology, Kim was the first ______.

            A. to use it in washing machines

            B. to come up with the idea

            C. to introduce it to Korea

            D. to apply it to socks

            74.The author believes that the future of nanotechnology will be ______.

            A. conspicuous

            B. distinctive

            C. foreseeable

            D. promising

            75.This text centers on ______.

            A. the success of an enterprise

            B. the application of a technology

            C. the market share of Samsung’s WCTG

            D. the mass-production of a home appliance 

            答案:71—75 ABADB

             

            七、寫作

            練習一

            irections:For this part,you‘er required towrite a composition on the topic“Caring fo the Elderly".

            you should write at least 100 words,and your composition should be based on the descirption given in Chinese below.

            1.隨著中國人生活水平和醫療水平的提高,我們身邊的老年人越來越多。

            2.作為他們的子孫后代,我們應該為他們做些事情。

            3.這么做的意義。

                With the ever-rising living standards and the rapidly improving medical quality in China, elderly people begin to take a larger proportion in our population. What should young people-their offspring-do for them?

                Generally speaking,we need to awaken the whole society's care for the senior citizens.Specifically,we may take into consideration their convenience in designing public facilites,provide them with more pecreational places and programs, and set up new clinics near residential quarters to secure both their psychological and physical health,and so on 

            Aging is a natural process, and we will be old one day. Taking good care of our seniors means taking care of ourselves.More significantly, how well the elderly are respected and attended reflects a society's moral standards and degree of civilization

            練習二

            Directions : For this part ,you’re required to write composition on the topic “The importance of Physical Exercise”. You should write at least 100 words, and your composition should be based on the description given in Chinese below.

            Outline :1) 大學生體質不令人滿意 2) 大學生需加強鍛煉 3)我的觀點

            The physical condition of college students these years are not so satisfying. Study shows that there is a growing number of students who suffer various kings of diseases .Due to financial or study pressure, more and more students find it hard to keep healthy.

            To alleviate the situation ,experts suggest that college students spend at least one hour a day  doing all kinds of physical exercise .Physical exercise not only benefits one’s body, but also one’s mind .A person who keeps doing exercise will certainly become healthy and energetic .Besides ,it helps to relieve the psychological pressure .

            In my opinion, physical exercise can also help to develop our personality .Through playing games like basketball or football, we learn to be competitive and cooperative and practice our strength and endurance .So, physical exercise is really something we can’t go without.

            練習三

            Directions:for this part,,you’re requird to write a composition on the topic “Environment Protection”.You should write at least 100 words,and your composition should be on the description given in Chinese below.

            Outline:1)環境問題嚴重。2)環境保護的現狀。3)我們要進一步采取措施保護環境。

            Environment protection has become a serious problem .the population of the world is increasing sorapidly that the world has become very crowded..The overuse of our natural resources has influenced ecological balance .In addition,thesmoke and harmful chemicals form thefactories have polluted our environment. Ifthis trent continues,human life on the earth will be threatened.

            Great progress has been made in environment protection. Governments of many countries have passed laws to protect the environment . Many factories have made great efforts to deal with various kinds of pollution .

            Still, more measures should be taken to solve this problem .People should be educated to realize the importance of environment protection.They should use modern methods to control population growth and learn to recycle the natural resources .If this is so there will be a better and cleaner planet for us to live on.

                                         押題作文

            Is Failure a Bad Thing

            Failure is a common thing in our daily life. As students, we sometimes fail to get high scores in our examinations. When we play games, we might be beaten by others. And there are times when we fail to do satisfactory work. All these failures happen naturally and almost every one of us has such experiences.

            However, there are different attitudes towards failure. Some people lose heart when they fail; they think the world is at its end. Some people don’t take failure seriously but just let it be, while some others learn much from failure, and therefore see the light of hope through failure.

            In my opinion, what really counts is not failure itself, but what we think of failure and what we do after failure. As long as we don’t give up, keeping believing in ourselves, and in the meantime learn something from failure, we’ll certainly make our mark in the end. So I am never afraid of failure, for I believe that failure is not a bad thing. Rather, “Failure is the mother of success.”

             

            How I overcome My Difficulties in Learning English

            To a Chinese, the task of learning English well is not easy. So I, like many other English learners, have met with difficulties in learning English during the past seven years. But I managed to overcome them and made much progress.

            The spelling and meaning of words can be said to be the first difficulty I met as a beginner. But I found our my own way to deal with them. As to spelling, I never copied a new work again and again to remember it, but tried to find its relevance to the sound. In fact, as long as I can read the word out, I can write it out. As to the meaning, I rarely recite its Chinese translation but often put the word into the sentence to learn its meaning. Moreover, if you use a word quite often, its spelling and meaning will be no problem. After all, we are learning English in order to use it.

            Grammar and idioms may be another difficulty. But I have also got over it. I have not read lots of grammar books. But I spent much time reading the articles written by native speakers or specialists in English. By doing so, I came to gain “a sense of English language”. I began to gain a feel for which sentences are “good English” and which are not.

            Finally, I want to say that overcoming all these difficulties requires perseverance. In the past seven years I spent at least an hour on English each day. I believe this is an important reason why I am able to make progress in learning English.

             Ideal job

            Everyone has his own ideal job. Some want to be doctors, some want to be teachers, and some want to be engineers.

            My ideal job is in teaching. Firstly, I like children very much. I would like to sing, to dance, and to play with them. Secondly, a teacher has two vacations each. I can enjoy myself during the summer and winter holidays. Finally, I want to teach the students all that I know and help them to develop their potential so that they can work better for our country in the future.

            In order to be a good teacher, I will study hard not only in class, but also in daily life. I will train my patience, improve my handwriting, and enrich my knowledge. In a word, I will study harder than ever to prepare for my future teaching job.

             

            Global Shortage of Fresh Water 

            Many people believe that the world’s supply of fresh water will never be used up. They think that fresh water comes from such a variety of sources that it is always sufficient for use. Such an opinion leads to a shocking waste of water.

            As a matter of fact, the earth is short of fresh water. Furthermore, with the rapid growth of the world’s population, the rising demand for water by industry, and the serious pollution of our surroundings, the world is facing the danger of running out of fresh water. Actually, in some big cities, fresh water cannot meet the daily needs.

            Therefore, to find new ways to save water is an urgent task. First, we should pass strict laws to control any waste of water. Second, scientists must work even harder to purify sea water and polluted water, and try to find substitutes to reduce the use of fresh water.

             Practice Makes Perfect 

            The famous saying “Practice makes perfect” is widely accepted today. It means if we practice unfamiliar things again and again, we’ll be able to perform it perfectly.

            The practice of learning English is a good example. We are not living in an English speaking country. So, in order to learn it well, we need extra practice, such as reading English books, going to English corners, or communicating with foreigners. Only sitting at the desk cannot lead to the mastery of English.

            As another example, if we want to be skilled in using the computer, we also need to practice using it. Some children become little experts in computer, just because they play with it everyday. On the contrary, if we just stick to books, we will still feel confused when using computers. Judging from the evidence offered, we might safely draw the conclusion that practice makes perfect.

             

            Is A Test of Spoken English Necessary? 

            A test of spoken English will be included as an optional (component of the College English Test (CET). Some people contend that it is absolutely necessary to hold a test of spoken English in China because we have been told many times that a Chinese student who has been learning English for years cannot communicate with a native English speaker. Sometimes even those top students who excel at grammar and writing skills find their English inadequate to express their thoughts freely when speaking. A test of spoken English will bring the importance of speaking English to the awareness of the college students, and thus help them with their communicating skills.

            On the other hand, there are also people who maintain that good reading and writing skills would be enough for the average English learners. College students are already under considerable pressure from their coursework. Another required test will only add to their burden. Also, some students may take the shortcut and only practice the questions according to the fixed format of the test, which will not actually improve their spoken English. 

            I believe that a test of spoken English will do more good than harm. Since China will continue its policy of opening and reform, the ability to speak fluent English is a must for anyone who wants to surpass others in a highly competitive society. Whether I take the test or not, I shall make all efforts to practice my spoken English in the rest years in college.

             

             A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus

            January 12th, 2012

            Dear Mr. President,

            I’m very lucky to attend this world-famous university, but I’m afraid I’m not content with the canteen service on campus.

            Firstly, the quality of the dishes should be improved. Undoubtedly, there are a lot of delicious dishes, but all the year round, they are the same. More and more students are complaining about eating the same food each day. So I think the most urgent problem is variety.

            Secondly, the price is a bit too high. Many of us hope that the canteen can provide us with not only delicious but also cheaper food.

            Finally, the environment is so noisy that we can’t enjoy our meals in good mood. I suggest that there be some soft music to help us relax.

            These suggestions are not just of my own, but also of may other students. We hope our respectable president will pay attention to our suggestions.

            By the way, the canteen workers are very patient and always smiling. So I think if our university offers them better conditions, they will offer us better service.

             

                                                                            Yours sincerely,

                                                                                      Liming

            Free Admission to Museums?

            Nowadays, a lot of museums open to the public for free, and a lot of people are attracted to go there. However, it also brought some unexpected problems.

            At present, people can get knowledge from many ways like libraries, internet, and other sources. However, there is also much information that people cannot get from the above ways. Free admission museums supply more chances for the public to get knowledge that cannot be easily accessed. People can learn more things about history, art, science and so on. Although, this kind of policy brought much convenience to the public, it also caused some problems. For example, beggars and shabby-dressed people may enter the museums and cause bad reputation among the public; along with the increasing number of people getting into museums, there will be no enough service establishments to meet the requirements; besides, under the policy of free admission, the cultural relics displayed there may be inevitably broken or damaged by the crowds. Moreover, the crowds in the museums may also cause security problems.

            In my opinion, free admission is a good policy for the public, and it brings the public much convenience. But, we should also take possible measures to protect the cultural relics and maintain the order of spot. Besides, we can also take the policy of giving free admission first to children, then to the retired person, and last to the public. I think, this may help to solve the problems.

             

             

            Disposable Plastic Bags

                Nowadays we may find ourselves surrounded by a sea of disposable plastics bags. And recently the problems of using disposable plastic bags have been brought into people's focus.

                First of all, the use of disposable plastic bags causes irreversible harm to our environment. As these bags are not biodegradable, they are blocking the drainage system and causing water pollution.

                What's more, customers using disposable plastic bags may think that they are of great convenience. But what they don't quite realize is that there will be remarkable negative impact on our health. And sometimes careless disposal of these bags may even poison some innocent animals.

                In view of the severity of this issue, effective measures have been taken in our country. There has been a strict limit on the using of disposable plastic bags in supermarkets, which not only enhances people's awareness on environmental protection but also cuts down the cost of the running of supermarkets.

             

            1. 許多人喜歡在除夕夜看春節晚會

            2. 但有些人提出取消春節晚會

            3. 我的看法

             

            The approach of the Chinese Lunar New Year poses a national issue concerning the necessity of holding the CCTV Spring Festival Gala. Its established status is being challenged by a growing number of people, especially by younger generations. It is increasingly difficult to cater for all tastes. 

            Some individuals deem that it should be canceled or replaced by other programs. These young people focus their attention on other forms of celebration instead of immersing themselves in TV. Despite that, the majority of mid-aged people and senior citizens uphold the importance of the traditional performance. The most striking feature of this gala is its traditionally close link with ordinary people's lives. Most of people view this gala as an annual staple on the traditional Chinese Spring Festival Eve. They all have a restless night and glue their eyes on the television. 

            I am not supportive of the view that the grand gala should be abandoned. Undoubtedly, it plays a vital role in the celebration of Chinese New Year. To increase its appeal and meet young adults' need, the upcoming performance should invite some big names including super stars from Hong Kong and Taiwan. We are all eagerly anticipating this unforgettable evening show. 

             
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